Discussion Board 1 Assignment. 1

Bibliography. 2

Discussion Board 2 Assignment. 3

Discuss the importance of revelation to God and the biblical writers. 3

God to reveals himself to humankind. 3

Importance of revelation to the prophets. 4

Bibliography. 4



Discussion Board 1 Assignment

In The Bible Among the Myths, Oswalt states, “If the historical basis on which the supposed revelation [the Bible] rested was false, then why should we give any special credence to the ideas resting on that basis” (p. 31). Please post a 400-word response to Oswalt’s statement. Seek to answer whether or not one could trust a historically false document to be theologically accurate? If not, why? If so, how? While sources are not required, you may support your answer from the Bible, your textbooks, or other sources as you see fit.

Among the books of all religions the Old Testament (OT) canon “Bible” is original in its construct and theology. It purported that there is only one God who is the sovereign creator of all that is, was and is to come, and He breathed His book the Bible through His chosen vessels (Genesis 1:1; 2 Tim 3:16-17). The historicity of that belief, juxtaposed against the backdrop of modern scholars’ need to disprove the historicity of the Bible, thus, disproving the validity of the theology of the Bible is a prevailing problem and lends itself to meet a scholarly need to disprove all things theological.  Lee McDonald posited that Josephus argued for the historicity of the OT; the historicity of the OT was preserved throughout the history of Israel by the prophets (p. 110).  Therefore, giving credence to the truthfulness of the Bible and validating its content.

To claim that any part of the Bible is false purported that all of is false.  There is no middle ground. God is not a man that He should lie (Numbers 23: 19).  Archeological discoveries of Ancient Near Eastern (ANE) literature supported the historicity of the Bible and validated its contents (Eugene Merrill, Mark Rooker, and Michael Grisanti, p. 63).  Merrill, Rooker, and Grisanti identified the parallels between the historical culture of the times referenced in the Bible but did not present the social structures as equal to the historicity of the Bible as dictated by God to the writers of old (p. 69).  The scholars cautioned readers that “The idea . . . that the OT is simply a human book that converted ANE mythology into another version, the concoction of Israelite poets and theologians” is a false premise (ibid).

Merrill, Rooker, and Grisanti also posited that this worldview will lead readers to surmise that the Bible is simply a book of myths or legends,  “concocted” to meet the theological need of a group of people (p. 71). On the other hand, Oswalt pointed out that one can contend that a “legend” is an untruthful story about the past while still asserting that a “history” is a truthful rendition of the past; however when making that assertion one must posit the question “false or true according to what standard?” (p. 16). Consequently, one cannot propose that the historicity of the Bible is false without saying at the same time that the theology of the Bible is false. In concluding, it is necessary to reiterate that,

All Scripture is God-breathed [given by divine inspiration] and is profitable for instruction, for conviction [of sin], for correction [of error and restoration to obedience], for training in righteousness [learning to live in conformity to God’s will, both publicly and privately—behaving honorably with personal integrity and moral courage]; so that the man of God may be complete and proficient, outfitted and thoroughly equipped for every good work (2 Timothy 3:16-17 Amplified Bible AMP).



McDonald, Lee Martin, and Lee Martin McDonald. The Biblical Canon: Its Origin, Transmission, and Authority. Peabody, Hendrickson Publishers, 2007.

Merrill, Eugene H., Mark F. Rooker, and Michael A. Grisanti. The World and the Word: An Introduction to the Old Testament. Nashville, B&H Academic, 2011. Google Books.

Oswalt, John N. The Bible among the Myths: Unique Revelation or Just Ancient Literature? Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2009. Google Books.




Discussion Board 2 Assignment

In Walton’s Ancient Near Eastern Thought and the Old Testament, he writes, “With no revelation . . . there was no way to know what pleased and what angered . . . This is the plight of those who live in a world without revelation. In the end, for all of their conscientious ritual, they did not know what deity wanted” (p. 145). Please post a 400-word response to Walton’s statement. Discuss the importance of revelation to God and the biblical writers. Seek to answer questions like “Was it important for God to reveal himself to mankind? If so, in what ways has God revealed himself? How important was revelation to the prophets who often used the phrase ‘Thus says the Lord?’” While sources are not required, you may support your answer from the Bible, your textbooks, or other sources as you see fit.

Discuss the importance of revelation to God and the biblical writers.

Revelation in the OT is foundational and addressed concerns for the time of the writer as inspired by God, as well as the inspired revelation about the future of persons, nations, and God’s chosen people. The NT takes the revelations from the OT and expounds on them or fulfills them such as Isa 53 that speaks of the coming Messiah and John 4:25-26 reveals the identity of the Messiah. Without revelation, Moses would not have been able to accomplish the task placed before him by God and the Pentateuch would not exist God used revelation to reveal His plan for His people to them and the Egyptians (Exodus).  Merrill, Rooker, and Grisanti declared that Leviticus” attested” to revelation than any other book of the Bible (238). Both Isaiah and Jeremiah refer to God’scovenantal revelation to Abram a thread that flows throughout the entire OT until the fulfillment of that covenantal revelation in the birth, life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, now all nations are a part of God covenantal family (Gen 22).

Without revelation Abraham had no hope, Moses had no purpose, and Joshua would have no function.  God used revelation to inspire (David Psalms), teach, lead, correct, and guide his people even during their times of disobedience, idolatry, and exile. See the books of the former prophets and lesser prophets and Jeremiah specifically God’s use of prose in that book is demonstrable of the manner in which he conveyed His thoughts to a rebellious nation as well as His love. God revealed His expressed will to people through the Holy Spirit, covenants, rituals, and revelations contained in OT and NT (Ps. 42:2; 63:2; 119:20, 81; 143:6; cf. Isa. 26:8). The book of Exodus reveals God’s covenantal nature to His people and how adherence to that covenant maintains a vertical relationship with their maker (Merrill, Rooker, and Grisanti, 209). Through revelation, God maintained his relationship with His people.

God to reveals himself to humankind 

God began his relationship with humankind in Eden universal sin created a chasm between humanity and its Creator. God exiled Adam from the place of  “rest” to the rest referenced in Exodus not so much rest for God as it was for His people as a time set aside for public revelation (Walton, 145). After the flood, it became essential for the vertical relationship between God and man to become reestablished, and revelation from God enabled that creation covenant to become tenuous (Gen 8:20-22 NKJV). Walton proffered that the Torah enabled God to reveal himself to his people Israel who saw the Torah as a direct revelation from God concerning what He was like and defined His Character for the people, or His holiness as a benchmark for their lives (Walton, 143). Without revelation, humanity would not have a moral compass – the ten commandments.  It was important for God to reveal his faithfulness to humankind –covenantal relationship, His sovereignty, and knowledge of Him that comes through the direct revelation embodied in His word (Merrill, Rooker, and Grisanti390-391).

Importance of revelation to the prophets 

According to Merrill, Rooker, and Grisanti, the OT provided its criteria of canonicity. The keywords of “the word of the Lord came” as wells as “thus says the Lord” lend credibility to the writings of the prophets and authenticated the writings as the divine and revealed Word of God (112). The people receiving the writings knew that the words they were hearing came directly from God due to the key phrases that the prophets used in their prose (112). The people also had the phrases used by “their original” prophet Moses “These are the words which the LORD hath commanded, that ye should do them”  as a benchmark for future prophets (Exo 35:1 KJV). In short, revelation from God prevented the prophets from having to address concerns without God’s direct guidance.


Köstenberger, Andreas J., L. Scott Kellum, and Charles L. Quarles. The Cradle, the Cross, and the Crown. Nashville: B & H Pub. Group, 2009, Google Books.

Merrill, Eugene H., Mark F. Rooker, and Michael A. Grisanti. The World and the Word: An Introduction to the Old Testament. Nashville, TN: B&H Academic, 2011. Google Books.

Walton, John H. Ancient Near Eastern Thought, and the Old Testament: Introducing the Conceptual World of the Hebrew Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2006.


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