Psalms Chapter 18: Verses 1-17 

Psalms Chapter 18: Verse 1-17 


He is my rock. He is yours too if u know Him. Do you know my rock? #jesus #deliverer #contactus

Psalms Chapter 18a

There are 50 verses in this Psalm. Therefore, I have divided it into three parts.

  • a. Monday: Verses 1-16.
  • b. Tuesday: Verses 17-34.
  • c. Wednesday: Verses 35-50.

Our purposes are not just to read through the Psalms, but to garner information from its context and content that we can apply to our own lives.  Application of Scripture gives us the dynamite that we need to stand firm in His word regardless of what is happening around us.

 

Context

In Psalm 18 we see King David singing a song of thanksgiving to The Lord for a victory over his enemies. The title supports the content of the Psalm and the assertion that it is a song of thanksgiving for the victory that he received over his enemies. Verse 1To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David, the servant of the LORD, who spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day that the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul: And he said, I will love thee, O LORD, my strength. This song sets itself apart from the other songs in that it speaks of a “royal” victory. The reader knows this because the song ends with this statement in Verses 49 and 50 Therefore will I give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen, and sing praises unto thy name. Great deliverance giveth [God] to his king; and sheweth mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his seed for evermore.” Secondly, Verses 43 and 44 demonstrate qualities of service that are only applicable to a “king.” [God you have] delivered me from the strivings of the people; and thou hast made me the head of the heathen: a people whom I have not known shall serve me. As soon as they hear of me, they shall obey me: the strangers shall submit themselves unto me.” Only a king, in the Old Testament, has the right to make these statements. Today we may be familiar with dictators who make these statements, but their words and actions are not supported by The Lord. The contents of 2 Samuel 22 are similar to Psalm 18. The chapters preceding 2 Samuel 22 talk about the victories of David and his men.

This is one of the longest Psalms in the Book of Psalms. The poetry and thematic content look like other ancient chronicles of God’s power to deliver His people. See Exodus 15; Judges 5 (The Song of Moses and the Song of Deborah.) 

The Flow of This Chapter.

I. David’s Praises to The Lord His Rock, Fortress, and Deliverer: Verses 1-3

II. The Circumstances of David’s Life (18:4-45).

  1. David in the Middle of Peril (18:4-19);
    • His desperate need for rescue (18:4-5).
    • God is his defender (18:6-15).
    • His deliverance by God (18:16-19).
  2.  An Experience of Ethical Integrity (18:20-28).
    • The experiences with principles of the Lord’s direction (18:20-26);
    • David experiences the privileges of the Lord’s guidance (18:27-28).
  3. In the Atmospheric Turbulence of Being a Leader (18:29-45).
    • David, a leader of military prowess (18:29-42).
    • David, a leader of theological standing (18:43-45.

III.     Postscript: King David’s Final Praises to God in this Psalm (18:46-50).

The Divine Warrior/Almighty God Rescues His Servant, King David.

I. David’s Praises: Verses 1-3

 

1(To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David, the servant of the LORD, who spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day that the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul: And he said, “I will love thee, O LORD, my strength.”

David begins this Psalm of thanksgiving not by giving thanks, but by telling The Lord how much He loves Him. Many times we become so sidetracked in our prayer life that we forget that our vertical relationship with God is a love story. We tell our loved ones and or our mates that we love them on a regular basis. When we want to thank them for something that they have done for us we tell them that we love them and then express our gratitude. We should begin our conversations with the love of our life-God-in the exact same way. Longmann states that “The verb translated love ( r ḥ m ) is elsewhere used only to refer to the compassion or mercy that God demonstrates towards human beings” (Longman 2014, 111).

2The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower. I will call upon the LORD, who is worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine enemies. 

Definitions

Rock Definition:The (Hebrew word for rock is. tsur), employed as a symbol of God in the Old Testament ( 1 Samuel 2:22 Sam 22:3Isaiah 17:10Psalms 28:1Psalms 31:2; Psalms 31:389:2695:1). In the New Testament, it means the same thing ( Matthew 16:18Romans 9:331 Corinthians 10:4). In Daniel 2:45 the Chaldaic form of the Hebrew word is translated “mountain.” It ought to be translated “rock,” as in Habakkuk 1:12 in the Revised Version.

FOR’TRESS, n.

1. Any fortified place; a fort; a castle; a stronghold; a place of defense or security. The English have a strong fortress on the rock of Gibraltar, or that rock is a fortress. 2. Defense; safety; security. Jesus is our defense. We have safety in Him. He is our security because His blood covers all of our sins.

deliver

DELIVER, v.t. L. Free, disengaged; to free, to peel.

1. To free; to release, as from restraint; to set at liberty; as, to deliver one from captivity.  2. To rescue, or save. Jesus rescued all of us from our sins. His death on the cross saved us from eternal damnation.

strength; 

3. Power or vigor of any kind. This act shall crush the strength of Satan. Strength there must be either of love or war.

Verse 2. From 1 Samuel 24 to 2 Samuel 22 David lived in fear for his life. But in each scenario, he could rely on his “rock,” his “fortress,” his deliverer, his strength, Each word in bold signifies military words used by kings of the Ancient Near East (ANE) culture. The “rock” from which the stone is cut there signifies the divine origin of Christ. (See STONE .)These are all words that Christians of this day and age can state to describe who Jesus is to them.  Rock: 1 Corinthians 10:4 “And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.” Deliverer: Daniel 11:7 “But one of the descendants of her line will arise in his place, and he will come against their army and enter the fortress of the king of the North, and he will deal with them and display great strength. 1 Corinthians 15:55-58 “Where, O death, is your victory? Where, O death, is your sting?” The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law. But thanks be to God! He gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. Therefore, my dear brothers and sisters, stand firm. Let nothing move you. Always give yourselves fully to the work of the Lord, because you know that your labor in the Lord is not in vain.

Verse 3: David knew that in the middle of any kind of trouble all he had to do was cry out to “The Lord.” We should be mindful of the fact that “The Lord” of the OT is Jesus Christ our Savior. Romans 10:13 For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.”

4The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid. 5The sorrows of hell compassed me about: the snares of death prevented meIn my distress I called upon the LORD, and cried unto my God: he heard my voice out of his temple, and my cry came before him, even into his ears.

Verse 4-5: Think back to Saul’s relentless pursuit of David.  Psalm 73:4 For there are no bands in their death: but their strength is firm.” David was continually running away from Saul for His life. So great was his fear of Saul catching up with him that he went to Israel’s arch-enemy the Philistines to seek refuge. That is desperation! Have you ever felt so gripped by the pangs of fear that you were sure that you were going to die?

My Pastor told us a story today. When faced with odds like these we tend to vocalize what we think is happening to us rather than state what God is doing for us. State “I am healed, I am healed, I am healed!” Regardless of what our flesh is showing us, we are healed. Not that we are going to be healed in the distant future when He wipes away all tears from our eyes, but now in the present. David believed that. How do we know that? This is what he said. “In my distress I called upon the LORD, and cried unto my God: he heard my voice out of his temple, and my cry came before him, even into his ears.” 

He knew that God answers prayers.  Why? Romans 2:11 For there is no respect of persons with God.” David knew that if The Lord did it for Abraham, Moses, and the Children of Israel He would do it for him too! Are you any less in God’s sight? NO!

7Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations also of the hills moved and were shaken, because he was wroth. 8There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it.

Verses 7 and 8 are what I call “visualized warfare.”  David was basically saying that when he called upon God to deliver him that God was ticked off that anyone would even consider harming his anointed one. Look at what 

Wroth means: Very angry; much exasperated. The next time you go home in tears or stand aside in tears because someone whom you trusted has ripped your heart out, just know this. “He is not amused!” How ticked off was God at David’s enemies? “There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it.” WOW!!

God was so angry at David’s enemies, at the insult against his person that smoke came out of his nostrils. If He did it for David, He will fight your battles for you too. He is just as angry when people hurt you and me. Scriptures to support this argument: Matt. 27:50;Acts 4:31;Psalm 104:32;Hag. 2:6;Heb. 12:26;2 Sam. 22:8. Now let’s make it real. If we ever find ourselves thinking thoughts that could harm-either emotionally or physically-a brother or sister in Christ. Send them back to the pit-of-hell from whence they came. Those thoughts are not from God. God does not operate in the realm of the destruction of His saints. Why? Hebrews 12:29 [Because] “our God [is] a consuming fire.”

9He bowed the heavens also, and came down: and darkness was under his feet. 11He made darkness his secret place; his pavilion round about him were dark waters and thick clouds of the skies. 

In verse 9 and 11, David describes a picture of the warrior God’s of the ANE. Longman explains this concept. ” The picture of God coming to the rescue riding a cloud (dark clouds were under his feet , v. 9b) derives ultimately from Ancient Near Eastern storm-god imagery and the Canaanite storm god Baal is often called ‘the cloud rider’ in the Ugaritic mythological texts” (Longman, 113). David used a picture of who and what his God looked like when prepared for battle by using a description that his enemies, and his people, could relate to!

Today we could say that God came to our rescue like a stealth bomber in the middle of the night and our enemies did not even know what happened to them. Or, we could say God came into the lives of our enemies like a pack of drones armed with death bombs! Verse 10 continues with descriptors that only apply to The Lord Jehovah. 10 And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: yea, he did fly upon the wings of the wind. No God did not need a cherub to carry Him to earth. But in Gen. 3:24 and Hebrews 9:5 the roles of Cherubim are described to us. God sends them out to battle the forces of evil. Today, for Christians the battle rages on. Jesus is our standard bearer and our Deliverer.

12At the brightness that was before him his thick clouds passed, hail stones and coals of fire. 13The LORD also thundered in the heavens, and the Highest gave his voice; hail stones and coals of fire. 14 Yea, he sent out his arrows, and scattered them; and he shot out lightnings, and discomfited them. 

God used the weather to deliver David. He did it before for Moses. Exodus 9:23 Moses stretched out his staff toward the sky, and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and fire ran down to the earth. And the LORD rained hail on the land of Egypt.” He used it to get Job’s attention in Job 37:5 God thundereth marvellously with his voice; great things doeth he, which we cannot comprehend.”  This world will experience this same brightness, thundering, and lightening when The King of Glory returns to this earth.  Matthew 24:27 For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.”

15Then the channels of waters were seen, and the foundations of the world were discovered at thy rebuke, O LORD, at the blast of the breath of thy nostrils.

Just visualize this. If God were to conceive the thought “earth be removed!” There would be no earth,  no people, no animals, no trees. It would cease to exist in the universe. Visualize God’s restraint when He was opening his nostrils. But, remember this He promises Noah that the earth would not be destroyed by a flood. He made a covenant with Abraham that “all nations of the earth would be blessed by His seed!” God is not a man that he should like. He does not have hissy fits!!! Have you ever seen how destructive human behavior is when it feels that it is no longer in control?

We tend to want to destroy anything and everyone who threatens our role, and or possibly, our existence, and or our legacy in that role. I am not going to get into politics. Just look back at history and we will see when a person’s ego is unwittingly challenged by an underling, disaster ensues for that nation, city, community, or town. Exodus 15:8 describes what God did for Israel. “And with the blast of thy nostrils the waters were gathered together, the floods stood upright as a heap, [and] the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea.” 

He did it then, and He will do it today for us. We must speak to His power in our lives, not to the circumstances that we face! It takes humility to walk back into a room filled with people before whom you have been humiliated. We have to be able to remember that when we serve others, we are serving God. Not the man over us, but God Almighty!

 16He sent from above, he took me, he drew me out of many waters. 

David describes the trouble that he was in as “many/deep water.”  He does that in several of the Psalms that he wrote. See Psalms 46:3; 69:1; 73:10; 124:4-5. Have you ever seen a person drowning in a pool, a river, or any body of water? What happens? Yup, a lifeguard comes out of nowhere and rescues them.

Well, friends, to end our study today, let me tell you this one thing Jesus is our lifeguard. The Lord rescued David out of “many deep waters” or out of a lot of trouble many times. How many times has He delivered us from our mouth/or our fingers on social media? We are human beings, and we are subject to the weakness of our bad tempers, unwillingness to give people the slack they need to grow in grace-like Christ does for us every day.

https://youtu.be/Ow4OfW4DP9s

 

References

Cayce, Ken. Discover Books of the Bible. http://www.bible-studys.org/index.html

Longman, Tremper, III. 2014. Psalms: An Introduction and Commentary. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press. Accessed August 26, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central.

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