Proverbs Chapter 31

Proverbs 31 #Theology #KinglyWisdom 1 #ProverbsandWomanhood

I am including the research and theological constructs presented in seminary about this chapter of the book because it has become the battering ram of many women over the centuries.  It is important that we understand the backdrop from which this chapter came to us! A more in-depth explanation of the purpose and outline of the book with specific topics is included at the end of the study. It is there so that next month when you read a chapter per day in the book of Proverbs you will have a guide to help you through the information presented in the book.

Chapter 31 is among the Sayings of Lemuel (Merrill, Rooker and Grisanti (Cited from now on as MRG) 2011, 530). Rooker continued.

This chapter has small sections (31:2-9) that address social issues reminiscent of theme addressed elsewhere in the book. This is followed by an acrostically arranged poem that describes the virtuous woman (31:10-31). The two sections are connected by a reference to women (vv. 3,10), a concern for noble character (ḥayilvv. 3,10) as well as a concern for the poor (vv. 9,20). The virtuous woman displays the wise character and qualities emphasized throughout the book. Possibly this positive portrayal of the virtuous woman is intended to counter the many references elsewhere in the book to the wayward woman who tries to seduce young men. The virtuous woman exemplifies the fear of the Lord (vv. 27-31), the prerequisite for wisdom. Thus the end of the book with its focus on wisdom returns to the theme with which the book began in 1:7. (536).

 

These last two sections of Proverbs (chaps. 30-31) return to themes mentioned earlier in the book, especially drunkenness, sexual immorality, and control of the tongue. There is no current information about who Agur and or Lemuel maybe. There are no historical records of the part they played in the theological training or religious teachings during the time of King Solomon. The only mention of these two individuals appears at the end of Proverbs.  We can break up the last chapter of Proverbs into 2 headings.

  1. The Wisdom of an astute King: verses 2-9 and
  2. The Example of Womanhood: verses 10-31

 

Part 1 The Wisdom of an astute King

  1. The words of king Lemuel, the prophecy that his mother taught him.
  2. What, my son? and what, the son of my womb? and what, the son of my vows? What did we teach you, my son? The answer to the question follows.
  3. Give not thy strength unto women, nor thy ways to that which destroyeth kings.
  4. It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink: WHY? Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted. Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto those that be of heavy hearts. Let him drink, and forget his poverty, and remember his misery no more.  Unhappiness is a marker for alcoholism and so are hereditary markers.

This admonishment identifies how to live a righteous holy life that demonstrates sobriety instead of drunkenness, and compassion for the plight of others instead of having an attitude of indifference that leads to tyrannical behavior.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part 2: The Example of Womanhood: verses

The virtuous woman displays the wise character and qualities emphasized throughout the book. Possibly this positive portrayal of the virtuous woman is intended to counter the many references elsewhere in the book to the wayward woman who tries to seduce young men. The virtuous woman exemplifies the fear of the Lord (vv. 27-31), the prerequisite for wisdom. Thus the end of the book with its focus on wisdom returns to the theme with which the book began in 1:7 (MRG 534)

 

  • 10 Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies. Stellar character.
  • 11 The heart of her husband doth safely trust in her, so that he shall have no need of spoil. Her husband knows that she will not commit adultery. Scripture tells us that if we have thought about it we have done. We have a higher expectation of behavior from the Lord. Matthew 5:28 (KJV)But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman [or man] to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.
  • 12 She will do him good and not evil all the days of her life. This is where many wheels of relationships fall off the wagon. When something goes wrong in a marriage – even if it is adultery, what is the first thing that comes out of the mouth of the mate? Usually, name calling!
  • 13 She seeketh wool, and flax, and worketh willingly with her hands. 14 She is like the merchants’ ships; she bringeth her food from afar. 15 She riseth also while it is yet night, and giveth meat to her household, and a portion to her maidens. 16 She considereth a field, and buyeth it: with the fruit of her hands she planteth a vineyard. This wife works along with her husband to provide for the family. She is careful in her spending and ensures that the needs of her family are met. The burden is not always on her husband. This does not mean that stay at home mothers are not virtuous women. This is simply stating that this woman supports her husband.
  • 17 She girdeth her loins with strength, and strengtheneth her arms.
  • 18 She perceiveth that her merchandise is good: her candle goeth not out by night.
  • 19 She layeth her hands to the spindle, and her hands hold the distaff.
  • 20 She stretcheth out her hand to the poor; yea, she reacheth forth her hands to the needy. This verse continues the concern for the poor shown throughout the book21 She is not afraid of the snow for her household: for all her household are clothed with scarlet .22 She maketh herself coverings of tapestry; her clothing is silk and purple.23 Her husband is known in the gates, when he sitteth among the elders of the land. 24 She maketh fine linen, and selleth it; and delivereth girdles unto the merchant. Altruism is a theme that permeates this book. This woman demonstrates those values by 1) taking care of the poor and needy 2) Taking care of her own family. 3) She takes care of herself-this is an area where many women fall short. Women are so busy, being busy that they forget that they need to take care of themselves. 4) Her husband is trustworthy and she takes care of him. He also trusts her! 5) Even the store owners [tradesmen] trust her and appreciate the work that she does with her hands. Today, can working women, or volunteering woman be trusted? Are they known for their trustworthiness?
  • 25 Strength and honour are her clothing; and she shall rejoice in time to come. Women can be strong and can also be honored.
  • 26 She openeth her mouth with wisdom; and in her tongue is the law of kindness. Again the theme of the book is reiterated. Wisdom. It is possible for a woman to be wise.

The virtuous woman exemplifies the fear of the Lord (vv. 27-31). Her Christian character is known within her community.

  • 27 She looketh well to the ways of her household, and eateth not the bread of idleness.
  • 28 Her children arise up, and call her blessed; her husband also, and he praiseth her.
  • 29 Many daughters have done virtuously, but thou excellest them all.
  • 31 Give her of the fruit of her hands; and let her own works praise her in the gates.

 

Now that we are completing the study on the book of Proverbs I want to provide readers with some of the theological research that identifies the purpose of the book.

The Information below comes from (MRG 2011, 533-536).

THE PURPOSE OF THE BOOK

The purpose of the book of Proverbs, stated in the introduction (1:2-7), is delineated through the use of five infinitive verbs: to know, to discern, to receive, to give, and to understand. Thus the book is like an instructional manual to lead people in righteous living before God. Issues on the execution of sacrifices and worship, so important in other aspects of Israel’s religious life, receive little attention (7:1415:8,2917:121:3,2728:9), though the fundamental theological presuppositions of biblical wisdom do not differ in any respect with those of the law and the prophets. The presupposition behind the instruction and the wisdom to be attained is the fear or reverence of God, a commitment to put the Lord as the center of one’s life (1:7). Thus commitment to the Lord is the appropriate starting point for the acquiring of wisdom. Fearing the Lord determines one’s progress in wisdom and is characterized by obedience (Garrett  1993, 54; MRG 532).

The Book’s Contents

I. Reflections On the Way of Wisdom (Chaps. 1-9)

As already noted, the stated purpose of the book of Proverbs is given in the introduction (1:2-7). These verses introduce not only the first major section (1:8-9:18) but also the book as a whole. The statement that the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom (1:7) is repeated toward the end of the first section in 9:10, thereby setting up an inclusion for the first section. These chapters present life as a “structured world of boundaries.”In this first major section several speeches open with the teacher addressing the pupil as his son (1:82:13:1), thus giving a parental tone to the entire section. No consensus has emerged regarding the number of individual units in 1:8-9:18. Suggestions have ranged from 10 to 17 individual divisions in this first major section. Longman divides the section into 17 divisions: [ Van Leeuwen, 2008, 175; MRG 533).

Superscription (1:1)

  1. The Purpose of the Book (1:1-7)
  2. Avoid Evil Associations (1:8-19)
  3. Don’t Resist Woman Wisdom (1:20-33)
  4. The Benefits of the Way of Wisdom (chap. 2)
  5. Trust in the Lord (3:1-12)
  6. Praising Wisdom (3:13-20)
  7. The Integrity of Wisdom (3:21-35)
  8. Embrace Wisdom! (4:1-9)
  9. Stay on the Right Path (4:10-19)
  10. Guard Your Heart (4:20-27)
  11. Avoid Promiscuous Women; Love Your Wife (chap. 5)
  12. Wisdom Admonitions: Loans, Laziness, Lying, and Other Topics (6:1-19)
  13. The Danger of Adultery (6:20-35)
  14. Avoid Promiscuous Women; Part II (chap. 7)
  15. Wisdom’s Autobiography (chap. 8)
  16. The Ultimate Encounter: Wisdom or Folly (9:1-6,13-18)
  17. Miscellaneous Wisdom Sayings (9:7-12) (Longman 2002, 23; MRG 534).

 

The above explanation will help the reader to grasp the themes noted in the book of Proverbs. Understanding the contextual purposes of the chapters and verses makes the book come alive.

 

MRG continues

Ten of the discourses are introduced with the phrase “my son” (1:82:13:1,214:1,10205:16:207:1). Throughout the section, only two options are given: the way of wisdom or the way of folly. Wisdom is presented not as an abstract ideal, but as a practical companion for those who would choose her path (MRG, 534).

While praising the virtues of pursuing wisdom, the teacher continually warns the pupil about the ways of folly that lead to destruction. These foolish ways include

  1. violence (1:10-194:14-19),
  2. hastiness (6:1-5),
  3. laziness (6:6-11),
  4. dishonesty (6:12-15),
  5. and particularly sexual immorality (2:16-195:3-206:23-357:4-279:13-18).
  6. While wisdom is thrice personified as a respectable and attractive woman (1:20-338:1-369:1-6),
  7. folly is depicted as an immoral woman who tries to seduce the young and naive to their death (7:6-279:13-18).
  8. Wisdom is also personified as a tree of life (3:18), a way (4:10-19), and a craftsman (8:22-31).
  • II. Proverbs of Solomon (10:1-22:16): In marked contrast to 1:1-9:18Prov 10:1-22:16 consists of 375 single proverbial sayings, arranged in no apparent order. The arrangement is not completely haphazard, however, as Proverbs 1-9provides the theological worldview for understanding the various proverbs in Proverbs 10-29. (Van Leeuwen, “Proverbs,” 175; MRG, 534). As noted above, this second major section of the book consists of observations about life presented in distich form. The section continues the contrast between the righteous and the wicked as well as the inevitable consequences of each lifestyle. The contrast between the righteous and the wicked parallels the contrast between wisdom and folly in chaps. 1-9.
  • III. Anonymous Wise Sayings (22:17-24:22): This section has been divided into 29 or 30 proverbial poems that consist of two or three verses each. Many of these short poems include an exhortation or a warning followed by a description of the consequences. The pattern in 22:17-23:12 is almost identical to the Egyptian Teaching of Amenemope, which was probably composed around 1000 BC very close to the time of Solomon. About one-third of the section bears resemblance to the Amenemope text. The similarities between the texts may be explained by the international character of wisdom that is recognized in the Bible itself (1 Kgs 4:29-34). The royal court of Egypt influenced Solomon’s court through marital and other ties. If this account was borrowed from this Egyptian source, it has been adapted to the parameters of the Israelite Yahwistic faith. This brief section includes concise proverbs (e.g., Prov 22:26) as well as longer discourses (22:30-34).
  • IV. More Anonymous Sayings (24:23-34): This section records additional wisdom sayings from Israelite sages. The wise men who generally have been associated with the royal court must have been a prominent class in ancient Israel (Job 15:18Prov 1:622:1724:23Jer 18:18). These men, like Hezekiah’s men (Prov 25:1), may have been royal scribes commissioned with the task of collecting axioms and proverbial sayings about the practical aspects of life.
  • V. More Proverbs of Solomon (Chaps. 25-29): This more lengthy section of Solomon’s proverbs is frequently subdivided into two sections, chaps. 25-27 and chaps. 28-29. The first subsection has parallel lines, which are mostly synthetically parallel, and includes numerous similes and also rules based on practical experience. Chapter 25 has some topical collections that come closest to the longer discourse forms in 1:8-9:18 than in any other portion of the book. The second section (chaps. 28-29) exhibits mostly antithetical parallelism as well as sayings that could be considered more religious in tone. Also contrasts between the rich and the poor are more frequent in these two chapters than in other sections of the book.

The collection of these proverbs during the reign of Hezekiah (715-687 BC) may reflect his focus on effecting a religious reform during his reign (2 Kings 18-20Isaiah 36-39). Of particular importance in this section is a focus on the responsibility of the king to fear the Lord and live in obedience before Him. (MRG,  534-535

  • VI. Sayings of Agur (Chap. 30): In 30:15-33 are graded numerical sayings with three observations that allude to the four types of persons mentioned in 30:11-14 This x, x + 1 pattern is attested elsewhere in the  (Amos 1-2Mic 5:5) and in Ugaritic literature.
  • VII. Sayings of Lemuel (Chap. 31): This chapter has small sections (31:2-9) that address social issues reminiscent of theme addressed elsewhere in the book. This is followed by an acrostically arranged poem that describes the virtuous woman (31:10-31). The two sections are connected by a reference to women (vv. 3,10), a concern for noble character ( ḥayilvv. 3,10) as well as a concern for the poor (vv. 9,20). (Watke The virtuous woman displays the wise character and qualities emphasized throughout the book. Possibly this positive portrayal of the virtuous woman is intended to counter the many references elsewhere in the book to the wayward woman who tries to seduce young men. The virtuous woman exemplifies the fear of the Lord (vv. 27-31), the prerequisite for wisdom. Thus the end of the book with its focus on wisdom returns to the theme with which the book began in 1:7.
  • These last two sections of Proverbs (chaps. 30-31) return to themes mentioned earlier in the book, especially drunkenness, sexual immorality, and control of the tongue. Nothing is known of Agur and Lemuel apart from their being mentioned here at the end of Proverbs. Many scholars connect them with the northern Arabian tribe of Massa, one of Ishmael’s sons (Gen 25:141 Chr 1:30).

THE PURPOSE OF THE BOOK

The purpose of the book of Proverbs, stated in the introduction (1:2-7), is delineated through the use of five infinitive verbs: to know, to discern, to receive, to give, and to understand. Thus the book is like an instructional manual to lead people in righteous living before God. Issues on the execution of sacrifices and worship, so important in other aspects of Israel’s religious life, receive little attention (7:1415:8,2917:121:3,2728:9), though the fundamental theological presuppositions of biblical wisdom do not differ in any respect with those of the law and the prophets. The presupposition behind the instruction and the wisdom to be attained is the fear or reverence of God, a commitment to put the Lord as the center of one’s life (1:7). Thus commitment to the Lord is the appropriate starting point for the acquiring of wisdom. Fearing the Lord determines one’s progress in wisdom and is characterized by obedience.

References

  1. Garrett, D. Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, NAC (Nashville: B&H, 1993), 54.
  2. Merrill, Eugene H., Rooker, Mark, and Grisanti, Michael A.. The World and the Word: An Introduction to the Old Testament. B&H Publishing Group, 2014. Accessed July 31, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central.
  3. Van Leeuwen, quoted by Merrill, Eugene H., et al. The World and the Word: An Introduction to the Old Testament, B&H Publishing Group, 2014. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.ezproxy.liberty.edu/lib/liberty/detail.action?docID=731407
  4. Watke, B. quoted by Merrill, Eugene H., et al. The World and the Word: An Introduction to the Old Testament, B&H Publishing Group, 2014. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-

 

Proverbs Chapter 30

Proverbs Chapter 30 #Relationships #Behavior #Wisdom #AllOfCreation

 

RELATIONSHIPS

Relationships With People

  • 10 Accuse not a servant unto his master, lest he curse thee, and thou be found guilty.
  •  13 There is a generation, O how lofty are their eyes! and their eyelids are lifted up. Only a conceited person would believe that they are sinless. Proverbs 20:9 (KJV) Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin?  Proverbs 21:4  (KJV) “A high look, and a proud heart, and the plowing of the wicked, is sin.”
  • Proverbs 16:2 “All the ways of a man are clean in his own eyes; but the Lord weigheth the spirits.”  
    14There is a generation, whose teeth are as swords, and their jaw teeth as knives, to devour the poor from off the earth, and the needy from among men. It is a privilege to be able to take care of the poor. Proverbs 14:31 (KJV) He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.
  • 11 There is a generation that curseth their father, and doth not bless their mother. 12There is a generation that are pure in their own eyes, and yet is not washed from their filthiness
  • 17 The eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it.Proverbs 20:20 (KJV) Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.Harsh? Well, let’s see. If a child will not think twice about hurting their parents then NO ONE is safe. Parental abuse is reaching epidemic proportions, but the shame brought on by these actions lead to less parents reporting the incidences. God does not look lightly on this problem. In Proverbs 20:20 (KJV) He declares “Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.” Researchers Spitzberg and Cupach (2007) include an entire chapter of their book that addresses the abuse of parents by teenagers. “I’d back up, yeah. And then sometimes I would be the aggressor. If he’d come at me, I’d go at him and then he didn’t like it and he’d back off. So, it was almost like a dance, you know. You just figure it all out and it’s a routine. —Mother, age 41″ (p. 363″ The researchers continued “The terms
    • “parental abuse/violence,”
    • “battered parents,”
    • “youth who victimize their parents,”
    • “parents abused by their teenage children,”
    • “adolescent-to-parent abuse” and
    • “adolescent violence toward parents”

are used interchangeably (Bobic, as cited by Spitzberg and Cupach,2002). Because of the confusion, these terms create in identifying a specific form of abuse, this study adopts the term adolescent-to-parent abuse(AtPabuse) to provide a directional descriptor of the abuse.[.The Dark Side of Interpersonal Communication p. 364.] [1]We have a huge problem that is under society’s radar. It is being addressed in Europe. On the other hand, we rarely hear about it here in the USA.  In Europe, there are even TV shows that demonstrate what happens to parents who are experiencing “parental abuse.” God’s position? Exodus 21:15  (KJV) And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death.

 

 

To willing abuse, anyone is a disgrace, but the heart that takes care of the poor, the elderly, and those who are in need have a good name among the community. They stand up for the kingdom work of God and He is pleased.

 

 

  • 20 Such is the way of an adulterous woman; she eateth, and wipeth her mouth, and saith, I have done no wickedness. Case  describes this behavior as:
  • Verses 18-20: Hypocrisy is illustrated by 4 natural analogies of concealment:
  • (1) An eagle leaves no trail in the air;
  • (2) A slithering snake leaves no trail on the rock;
  • (3) A ship leaves no trail in the sea;
  • (4) a man leaves no marks after he has slept with a virgin.
  • These actions are all concealed and thus serve to illustrate the hypocrisy of the adulterous woman who hides the pieces of evidence of her shame while professing innocence.
  • 32 If thou hast done foolishly in lifting up thyself, or if thou hast thought evil, lay thine hand upon thy mouth. The mouth will only speak what is already embedded in our minds.
  • 33 Surely the churning of milk bringeth forth butter, and the wringing of the nose bringeth forth blood: so the forcing of wrath bringeth forth strife. It is important that we take the time to address the personality difficulties that we are experiencing. When we don’t address them they become a snare to us. We will find ourselves “forcing anger” because it has become part of our spiritual DNA to be embroiled in drama and strife. Pray without ceasing for God to erase this character trait and He will.

 

Our Relationship with God

  • 1 The words of Agur the son of Jakeh, even the prophecy: the man spake unto Ithiel, even unto Ithiel and Ucal, 2 Surely I am more brutish than any man, and have not the understanding of a man.3 I neither learned wisdom, nor have the knowledge of the holy. Only God can give us the ability to discern what is right in every situation. Only He can give us the wisdom we need for every situation.
  • 5 Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him. 6 Add thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar. Never attempt to add to God’s word. It displeases Him. Deuteronomy 4:2 (KJV) Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish ought from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the Lordyour God which I command you. 
  • 7 Two things have I required of thee; deny me them not before I die:
    • 8 Remove far from me vanity and lies: give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food convenient for me: WHY? 9 Lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, “Who is the LORD?” or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain.

 WISDOM

15 The horse leach hath two daughters, crying, Give, give. Whining does not get us what we wants. There are three things that are never satisfied, yea, four things say not, It is enough:

  1. 16 The grave; The one place that is always accepting residence is the grave. It is never satisfied. All man will meet their appointment with death. Hebrews 9:27 (KJV) And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:
  2. and the barren womb; Women who are unable to conceive always have an internal ache that just does not completely go away.
  3. the earth that is not filled with water; In my garden, while it is storming huge puddles will present themselves. However, a couple of hours after the rain has stopped it appears as if it has never rained. David talks about his soul hungering and thirsting for God. That is the frame of mind that we should have toward His word. Psalm 63:1-2 (KJV) O God, thou art my God; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is; To see thy power and thy glory, so as I have seen thee in the sanctuary.
  4. and the fire that saith not, It is enough. Just look at the fires in California right now. It is almost impossible to quench the first of that raging inferno. A person who has no control over their anger is like a raging fire.

Cayes describes the behaviors in verses 18-29 quite aptly. Verses 18-20: Hypocrisy is illustrated by 4 natural analogies of concealment:

  • (1) An eagle leaves no trail in the air;
  • (2) A slithering snake leaves no trail on the rock;
  • (3) A ship leaves no trail in the sea;
  • (4) a man leaves no marks after he has slept with a virgin.

These actions are all concealed and thus serve to illustrate the hypocrisy of the adulterous woman who hides the pieces of evidence of her shame while professing innocence. [2] (Case, n.d.)

  1. 19 The way of an eagle in the air; the eagle soars above all else on the earth. Similarly so does God. He sees and knows all and is not affected by it at all.
  2. the way of a serpent upon a rock; A serpent will slither off the surface of a rock quite quickly because it does not like the heat. A sinful person will use whatever they need to as slither out of any situation and that includes lies.
  3. the way of a ship in the midst of the sea; This is an interesting analogy. After a ship has left an area on the ocean one cannot tell that it was there. Unlike the Holy Spirit when His work of transformation begins in a person’s life it is evident – even if it is not immediately evident it will be obvious to those who knew the person before.
  4. and the way of a man with a maid. This analogy is impossible to interpret. It is quite a mystery. When a person chooses a mate based on God’s will and purpose no one understands why – including the couple.

  1. 22a For a servant when he reigneth; When an unqualified person become the ruler everyone is in shock. Normally the immediate access to power by a servant goes to their head and they will do whatever they need to do to keep the power that they have acquired.
  2. 22 and a fool when he is filled with meat; When a fool is blessed beyond his abilities he will over indulge.
  3. 23 For an odious woman when she is married; a quarrelsome and unpleasant woman will not remain married. Likewise 23 and a handmaid that is heir to her mistress. The handmaid will disrespect her mistress because she will forget where she has come from.  This is a common occurence. “A sudden large lump sum of money even changes people. Money gives them status and makes them feel powerful. Suddenly an air of arrogance sets in” [3]

  1. 25 The ants are a people not strong, yet they prepare their meat in the summer; strength does not determine wisdom.
  2. 26 The conies are but a feeble folk, yet make they their houses in the rocks; In the eyes of men these animals are weak. However, they are wise because they live where it is safe for them to exist.
  3. 27 The locusts have no king, yet go they forth all of them by bands; Unity is the first sign of wisdom in any community, group, team, business. Everyone works toward the intended goal. No one person is seeking recognition.
  4. 28 The spider taketh hold with her hands, and is in kings’ palaces. This insect can be found anywhere even in the palaces of kings. Sin can and will be found anywhere even in the heart of a king. David and Beersheba. Never become so conceited that one thinks that they could never carry out an action. Anything is possible because we are human. That is why staying near the cross is so important.

  1. 30 A lion which is strongest among beasts, and turneth not away for any; He is fearless and will not back away.
  2. 31 A greyhound; an uncatchable animal.
  3. a he goat also; “King of the goat-herd.”
  4. and a king, against whom there is no rising up. I am sure that many leaders which that they had this in their government, organization, team etc.,

 

We are all forgiven people. Due to our human nature we will become a prey of the devil. His purpose is to create contention, division, and dissension. When we stay focused on the Word of God it keeps our mind in the right perspective. We are not forgiven because of anything that we have done. We are forgiven because of His amazing grace.  If you have any question just click the Contact Us button below.

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References

[1] (Spitzberg, B. Cupach, W. (2007). The Dark Side of Interpersonal Communication. New York: Routledge.)

[2]Cayce, Ken. n.d.  http://www.bible-studys.org/Credits.html

[3]Norling, Deevra (2017) . Money Is Not About Finances, It’s About Emotions. Accessed July 30, 2017. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/deevra-norling/money-is-not-about-financ_b_7579746.html

Proverbs Chapter 29

Proverbs Chapter 29 #Relationships #Behavior #Attitude #Wisdom #Integrity

 

RELATIONSHIPS

Relationships With People

16 When the wicked are multiplied, transgression increaseth: but the righteous shall see their fall. 21 He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child shall have him become his son at the length. Loving and caring for others always has positive end results. 22 An angry man stirreth up strife, and a furious man aboundeth in transgression.  23 A man’s pride shall bring him low: but honour shall uphold the humble in spirit. Pride comes before the fall. 24 Whoso is partner with a thief hateth his own soul: he heareth cursing, and bewrayeth it not. Sin is at the door. When sin remains at the door it separates us from God. That is why being a partner with a thief hurts our soul. Similarly, when cursing is accepted by us it becomes a part of our mental DNA and will flow out of our mouths too. Our relationships with others can be determined by their behavior or it can be determined by the very power and Spirit of God Only we can make that choice. We will have to deploy grace, and forgiveness when people have hurt us but isn’t it worth the peace that we receive when we are willing to forgive. Anger only leads us to become even angrier and isolates us from others.

  Our Relationship with God

  •  10 The bloodthirsty hate the upright but the just seek his soul. The just wants to know the gospel. They know that life, peace, joy, and eternal glory are encased in knowing Jesus.

18 Where there is no vision, the people perish: but he that keepeth the law, happy is he. Knowing Jesus changes our perspective on life. 25 The fear of man bringeth a snare: but whoso putteth his trust in the LORD shall be safe. When we trust in the name of the Lord our God we are not doing so in vain. 26 Many seek the ruler’s favour; but every man’s judgment cometh from the LORD. 

27 An unjust man is an abomination to the just: and he that is upright in the way is abomination to the wicked. Remember that the battle we are fighting belongs to the Lord. We are surrounded by abominations against the just because as stated in Ephesians 6:12  (KJV) For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places. But we don’t fight dirty we fight our battles clad with the armor of God.

Correction and Reproof

  • 1 He, that being often reproved hardenethhis neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy. The best remedy for a stiff neck is obedience and “yes Lord!” A stiff neck person is usually a person who disobeys God’s word and His will for their lives. ” Acts 7:51-52 (KJV) Ye stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do ye. Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers: Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept it.When they heard these things, they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed on him with their teeth.” Instead of repentance, they were so angry that they were ready to physically bite him “and they gnashed on him with their teeth] More literally, gnashed their teeth at him..” Cambridge Bible school explain this incident.
  • Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges “Acts 7:54 to Acts 8:1. Effect of the Speech. Death of Stephen 54When they heard these things, they were cut to the heart] There is a conjunction in the original which is not expressed in the English. Read, Now when, &c. On the last verb, which is only found here and in Acts 7:33, see note there. t expresses the sort of cutting that would be made by a saw, and its effect is always one of irritation, and at last, it came to be synonymous with gnashing the teeth for rage, with which expression it is here combined.
  • 15 The rod and reproof give wisdom: but a child left to himself bringeth his mother to shame. Proverbs 13:24  (KJV) states He that spareth his rod hateth his son: but he that loveth him chasteneth him betimes. This is the same premise!
  • 17 Correct thy son, and he shall give thee rest; yea, he shall give delight unto thy soul. When we raise our children to grow closer to God and learn how to love and respect ALL people better they will remain in that frame of reference. Our children will learn from the example that we set. Proverbs 22:6 (KJV) “Train up a child in the way he should go: and when he is old, he will not depart from it.”
    That is why there are certain conversations that children should never be involved in.  Occasionally, adults will have a problem with each other. Never ever include your children in that “attitudinal” conflict. It places the children in a bad situation. They will always repeat the negative things that you are saying about the other person and it will impact their relationship with the person. What happens to the child if the situation changes between the two adults?
  • 19 A servant will not be corrected by words: for though he understand he will not answer. An employee who is undisciplined and does not want to work for their wages will not listen to guidance from their employer. Remember the parable of the talents? The servant who did nothing with the talent he was given made excuses? Luke 12: 45 -48 KJV) But the servant who would not listen to his masters directive reaped the reward of his behavior. “But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken;The lord of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for him, and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and will appoint him his portion with the unbelievers.And that servant, which knew his lord’s will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes.But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few stripes. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more.”

 Governance/Rulers

  • 2 When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn1 Timothy 5 talks about our responsibility towards the poor and the widows.  These are God’s expectations of those who are in positions of authority
  • 3 Whoso loveth wisdom rejoiceth his father: but he that keepeth company with harlots spendethhis substance. The prodigal son  would not listen to the wisdom of His Father.. this is a snippet of what happened to him ” Luke 15:11-32 n (KJV)1 And he said, A certain man had two sons: And the younger of them said to his father, Father, give me the portion of goods that falleth to me. And he divided unto them his living. And not many days after the younger son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country, and there wasted his substance with riotous living.  And when he had spent all, there arose a mighty famine in that land; and he began to be in want. And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; he sent him into his fields to feed swine.” It was against all that is holy for a Jewish man/woman to be in the presence of “pigs.”  They were unclean – spiritually unclean if they touched them. But this young chap did not listen to the wisdom of his father. He decided to “hang out with the other young men of his time and lived a riotous life. Read the rest of the story here. 
  • 4 The king by judgment establisheth the land: but he that receiveth gifts overthroweth it. Bribery is a sin. A ruler cannot ruler effectively when he owes too many powerful people favors. It clouds his judgment and will cause him to make decisions that are not in the best interest of the people whom he leads. This can and will happen in any corporation, school district, state, or even nation. On the other hands, a just king enables the nation to be established and is on a solid financial footing!
  • 5 A man that flattereth his neighbour spreadeth a net for his feet. Psalm 12:2 (KJV) “They speak vanity every one with his neighbour: with flattering lips and with a double heart do they speak.” Inconsistent behavior and a tongue that flatters are huge red flags in any relationship. 
  • 6 In the transgression of an evil man there is a snare: but the righteous doth sing and rejoice. Habitual sin has its just reward. It becomes a moral hallmark for that person, they live in fear of what will happen to them. The will be eternally separated from God. But the righteous will.  . .

Isaiah 53:12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great The great ones of the earth, the kings and princes of the earth: these are the words of God the Father, promising Christ that he shall have as great a part or portion assigned him as any of the mighty monarchs of the world, nay, one much more large and ample; that he would make him higher than the kings of the earth, and give him a name above every name in this world, or that to come; and all this in consequence of his sufferings, and as a reward of them; see ( Philippians 2:8Philippians 2:9 ) and whereas the Lord’s people are his portion, and with which Christ is well pleased, and greatly delighted, ( Deuteronomy 32:9 ) ( Psalms 16:6 ) , they may be intended here, at least as a part of the portion which Christ has assigned him. For the words may be rendered F5, “therefore will I divide, assign, or give many to him”: so the Vulgate Latin version; and which is favoured by the Targum therefore will I divide to him the prey of many people;”and by the Septuagint version, therefore he shall inherit many, or possess many as his inheritance; so the Arabic version. The elect of God were given to Christ, previous to his sufferings and death, in the everlasting council of peace and covenant of grace, to be redeemed and saved by him; and they are given to him, in consequence of them, to believe in him, to be subject to him, and serve him; and so it denotes a great multitude of persons, both among Jews and Gentiles, that should be converted to Christ, embrace him, profess his Gospel, and submit to his ordinances; and which has been true in fact, and took place quickly after his resurrection and ascension. IMPERFECT: THAT IS WHAT WE ARE. But we are also forgiven!!

8 Scornful men bring a city into a snare: but wise men turn away wrath. The wise are peacemakers. They will resolve conflict in a manner that will bless others instead of inciting a riot!

12 If a ruler hearken to lies, all his servants are wicked.  2 Peter 2:19 (KJV) While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage.” Corruption of any kind will only lead to spiritual, emotional, and financial bondage.

“The Fool, Foolishness, Ignoring Correction”

If a wise man contendeth with a foolish man, whether he rage or laugh, there is no rest.  What does contendeth mean? Webster’s 1828 Dictionary CONTEND, verb intransitive [Latin, to stretch. Gr., See Tend, Tenet.]

  • 1. To strive, or to strive against; to struggle in opposition.
  • Distress not the Moabites, nor contend with them in battle. Deuteronomy 2:9.
  • 2. To strive; to use earnest efforts to obtain, or to defend and preserve.
  • You sit above, and see vain men below contend for what you only can bestow.
  • Ye should earnestly contend for the faith once delivered to the saints. Jude 1:3.
  • 3. To dispute earnestly; to strive in debate.
  • They that were of the circumcision contended with him. Acts 11:2Job 9:3.
  • 4. To reprove sharply; to chide; to strive to convince and reclaim.
  • Then contended I with the rulers. Nehemiah 13:11.
  • 5.To strive in opposition; to punish.
  • The Lord God called to contend by fire. Amos 7:4.
  • 6. To quarrel; to dispute fiercely; to wrangle. The parties contend about trifles.
  • To contend for, to strive to obtain; as, two competitors contend for the prize.
  • CONTENDverb transitive To dispute; to contest.
  • When Carthage shall contend the world with Rome.
  • This transitive use of contend is not strictly legitimate. The phrase is elliptical, for being understood after contend; but it is admissible in poetry.

Now we can recognize that a cantankerous person has no peace and their state of mind will ensure that no one around them has peace.

11 A fool uttereth all his mind: but a wise mankeepeth it in till afterwards. 20Seest thou a man that is hasty in his words? there is more hope of a fool than of him. A fool does not know what “intentional listening looks like. They never stop talking long enough to really hear what a person is saying to them!”

The Poor

 13 The poor and the deceitful man meet together: the LORD lighteneth both their eyes. God has a plan for both the oppressed poor and their deceptive leader. He will share His truth with both persons. It is his will that both persons come to the knowledge of His saving grace.

14 The king that faithfully judgeth the poor, his throne shall be established forever. When a ruler is fair and unbiased his throne is established forever. There is only one King of Kings and Lord of Lords whose throne will be established forever. WHho will consistently rule and judge fairly. Psalm 93 (KJV) “The Lord reigneth, he is clothed with majesty; the Lord is clothed with strength, wherewith he hath girded himself: the world also is established, that it cannot be moved. Thy throne is established of old: thou art from everlasting. The floods have lifted up, O Lord, the floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their waves.  The Lord on high is mightier than the noise of many waters, yea, than the mighty waves of the sea. Thy testimonies are very sure: holiness becometh thine house, O Lord, forever. “ We cannot expect this type of leadership from human beings. They WILL fail.

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