According to Putnam, Harrington, and Coleman, a disciple is “simply” someone who follows Christ and “charged by Him” to carry out the Great Commission.[1] The authors advise churches that when they attempt to define the word “disciple” they must ensure that the construct is biblical.[2] Earley and Dempsey proffer a definition of a disciple as being an individual who “abandons the things of the world, follows Christ, and is disciplined in spiritual habits and purpose”.[3]  However, Earley and Dempsey continued the discourse with ten specific characteristics of a disciple; they are defined as individuals who have:

  • counted the cost
  • committed [themselves] to Christ
  • [determined that they will] carry his or her. . . burden to sacrifice for Christ and the cross
  • [ascertained that they ] will [give] up all earthly possessions
  • [mastered the discipline of Bible study] and experiences freedom in Christ
  • [a] genuine love for other believers
  • [a personal relationship with Christ] prays, bears fruit, and glorifies God
  • [the indwelling] of the Holy Spirit
  • obediently follow[ed] the desires of the master, and have become
  • intimately involved in the mission of Jesus to make disciples[4]

The writer’s definition of a disciple is: (1) any individual who follows Christ, (2) is willing to follow Him at all cost, and is (3) dedicated to completing the Great Commission. The gospels are replete with scriptural references that identify the qualities of a disciple. The following are just a sample of those references.

Mark recorded the Lord as stating, “Come, follow me and I will send you out to fish for people” (Mark 1:17 NIV).[5] Mark identified two qualities of a disciple in this one statement.  For a follower to be proficient in reaching people for Christ he or she must first follow His example.  Then they are equipped to carry out the Great Commission.  Mark recorded the Great Commission as, “. . . . Go[ing] into all the world and preach [ing] the gospel to all creation” (Mark 16:15).  The last identifier of a disciple was pronounced by Luke as he presented the words of The Lord, “And whoever does not carry their cross and follow me cannot be my disciple” (Luke 14:27).  An individual willingness to take up the cross and follow Jesus is a person who is willing to die for Him as He did for them, “For whoever wants to save their life will lose it, but whoever loses their life for me will find it” (Matt 16:25).  This Scripture referenced the reward of the saint who follows Christ.

In concluding, the writer stated that a disciple is any individual who, (1) follows Christ; (2) is willing to follow Him at all cost, and is (3) dedicated to completing the Great Commission. The research of Putman, Harrington, and Emerson as well as, Early and Dempsey confer with this definition.


[1] Jim Putman, Bobby Harrington, and Robert Emerson Coleman, DiscipleShift: Five Steps That Help Your Church to Make Disciples Who Make Disciples (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2013), 46-51, Kindle.

[2] Putman, Harrington, and Emerson, DiscipleShift: Five Step, 45, Kindle.

[3] Dave Earley and Rod Dempsey, Disciple Making Is. . . How to Live the Great Commission with Passion and Confidence, (Nashville, TN: B&H Publishing Group, 2013), 22.

[4] Early and Dempsey, Disciple Making Is, 22-26.

[5] Unless otherwise noted, all biblical passages referenced are in the New International Version (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2009).


Earley, Dave and Rod Dempsey. Disciple Making Is…: How to Live the Great Commission with Passion and Confidence. Nashville, TN: B&H Publishing Group, 2013.

Putman, Jim and Bobby Harrington. DiscpleShift: Five Steps That Help Your Church to Make Disciples Who Make Disciples. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2013. Kindle.


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